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World's 1st Peace Treaty

The Military

The First Peace Treaty in the World was known at the time as the Eternal Treaty or the Silver Treaty. It was cemented between the Hittites and the Egyptians roughly 16 years after the Battle of Kadesh and in Regnal Year 21 of Pharaoh Ramses II’s reign. To learn more about the Battle of Kadesh, click here.

The Points covered in the Treaty were:

  1. A promise of peace and to thereafter be allies and ensure that they will never invade each other’s countries and lands
  2. Both sides will establish agreed upon boundaries for the lands they had been disputing over
  3. If either side is attacked by a third party, then the other will come to their aid
  4. Political refugees and criminals from the other’s country would be extradited to each other’s country
  5. Both sides would forever remain at peace and bound this clause bound Pharaoh’s and the King’s children and grandchildren
  6. Egypt agreed to support King Muwatalli II’s family as successors in Hatti over any others
  7. Both sides then concluded the Treaty by invoking the wrath of their own Gods and Goddesses to ensure that neither one broke their agreement with the other

Representation of the City of Kadesh

This mutually beneficial peace lasted between the Hittites and the Egyptians until Hatti fell to Assyria nearly 100 years later.

An English translation of a passage from the treaty that Ramesses signed with the Hittite king Hattusili III can now be found above the entrance to the Security Council of the United Nations in New York City, USA.

Depiction of an Kadeshite

Egyptian Soldiers

Pharaoh killing enemy

Egyptians finding and interrogating spies

Representation of Battle of Kadesh

Representation of Battle of Kadesh

Pharoah Ramses II in his Chariot with his Pet Lion reportedly at Kadesh

Egyptians killing enemies


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