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Memphite Triad

Memphis - Capital Cities

Who: God Ptah, Goddess Sekhmet and God Nefertem

What: The Memphite Triad were the trio of deities primarily supported in Egypt in the Dynasties where Memphis was the Capital City of Egypt

Where: Chief home and place of worship was in Memphis

When: 1st to 8th Dynasties; 18th and 19th Dynasty until Seti I’s Rule & 715-664BC

God Ptah

Who: Ptah the Beautiful Face”, “Ptah the Lord of Truth”, Ptah the Master of Justice”, “Ptah who listens to prayers”, “Ptah Master of Ceremonies”, “Ptah Lord of Eternity”, “Ptah the God who made himself to be God”, “Ptah the Double Being” and “Ptah the Begetter of the First Beginning”

When: Throughout Ancient Egypt

What: The Master of Ceremonies at Pharaoh’s Heb Sed Ceremony

Deity of: Craftsmen, Shipbuilders and Architects

Symbol: The Djed Pillar and the Bull

Represented as: Generally, Ptah was represented as a green skinned man wearing the divine beard and holding the 3 symbolled sceptre, but sometimes represented as a naked Dwarf

Linked with: God Osiris, God Ra, God Apis, God Bes, God Aten

Notes: Ptah was a very popular Deity and his Cult rose quickly throughout Egypt. The High Priests of his Temples were much wanted to fill the role of Chief Architects and Master Craftsman on many Royal complexes

Temple Locations: Memphis, Pi-Ramses, Abydos, Nubia and Thebes

Legacy: Hikuptah, the Ancient Egyptian name for what we today call Memphis, is known as “Home of the Soul of Ptah”. This word, “Hikuptah”, was translated into Ancient Greek as Aegyptus, from which stems the word Egypt today

Goddess Sekhmet

Who: “The one who is Powerful or Mighty”, “The One Before Whom Evil Trembles”, “The Mistress of Dread”, “The Lady of Slaughter” and “She Who Mauls”

Deity of: Protector of Warrior Pharaohs and Healing

Symbol: Sun Disk, Red Linen and the Lioness

Parents: God Ra and Goddess Hathor

Consort: God Ptah

Offspring: God Nefertem

Represented as: A fierce Lioness

Notes: During the Festival of Drunkenness, the population and the Priestesses would participate in drunkenness which was used to “fool” the Goddess into losing her wrath and becoming drunk instead

God Nefertem

Who: “The one who does not close”, “He Who is Beautiful” and “Water lily of the Sun”

Symbol: The Water Lily

Parents: God Ptah and Goddess Sekhmet

Represented as: A beautiful young male with Blue Water-Lily Flowers around his head


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