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Temple of Pharaoh Seti I, The Great Temple of Abydos

Temples - Buildings - Builders & Buildings

Where: Abydos, 11km from the Nile
Notes: Contains the Abydos King List, the Helicopter Hieroglyphs
Who: Built for Pharaoh Seti I
When: 1290–1279 BC
What: 7 Chapels built within the Temple for the worship of Seti I and the principal deities; Ptah, Re-Horakhty, Amun-Re, Osiris, Isis and Horus. At the rear is the Osirian, a memorial for Seti-Osiris
Why: Serves as a memorial to Pharaoh Seti I and honours his father’s Temple
POI: Dorothy Louise Eady : Omm Sety : keeper of the Temple of Seti I in Abydos

The Abydos Kings List


What:
L
ists the 76 names of Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt

Where: Wall of the Temple of Seti I at Abydos

Why: Sole source to date of the Pharaohs of 7th and 8th Dynasties, but it leaves off Pharaohs that the carvers considered “illegitimate” i.e.
   – the Hyksos,
   – Hatshepsut,
   – Akhenaten,
   – Smenkhkare,
   – Tutankhamen and Ay

The Helicopter Hieroglyphs 


What:
T
he result of carved stone being re-used

Where:
Temple of Seti I, Abydos


Why: 
1st Carving : Seti I : “He who repulses the nine enemies of Egypt”, later filled with plaster. 2nd Carving : Ramesses II : “He who protects Egypt and overthrows the foreign countries”

Now: Plaster has eroded and shows both carvings partially visible and overlapping

The Osirion

 

What: Temple to the God Osiris and fundamental part of the funeral complex


When:
1294–1279 BC : Discovered : 1902/03

Who:
Excavated by Flinders Petrie and Margaret Murray