The AftermarthBattle of Kadesh - The Military
The belief that the Egyptians held prowess on the battlefield so should not be tested evaporated after the Battle of Kadesh and many of Pharaoh’s vassal states refused to acquiesce to Egypt any longer, rebelling against their rule. For Ramses this meant that the next few years of Military Campaigning during his reign were spent in Northern Palestine and Southern Syria strengthening his rule, the Forts and the Egypt’s border with their “allies”.
In roughly Regnal Year 9 or 10, Pharaoh captured several outlying towns from the Hittites, these are thought to have been Galilee, Amor, Katna and Tunip, and briefly Kadesh itself, but as soon as only Garrisons of Egyptians were left to guard these Towns they were recaptured by the Hittites. Ramses learned the lesson that his father, Seti I, had felt during his own reign. No territory that far outside of Egypt’s borders could be successfully held from a force with the strength of the Hittites. After 16 years of continual military incursions by both sides the Peace Treaty was suggested and concluded in Regnal Year 21.
To cement their treaty Pharaoh and King concluded a marriage treaty in which Ramses married the Hittite’s eldest Princess in 1245BC which opened more friendly ties between the two empires. Queen Nefertari is known to have communicated by letter, and sent gifts, with her Hittite counterpart Queen Puduhepa. Queen Nefertari received gifts in return one of which was a Gold Necklace which had 12 Bands within it.