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Theban Mortuary Temples

T vs MT - Thebes - The Places

What is a Mortuary Temple?

The Mansion of Millions of Years for the Pharaoh

A stone, purpose-built building; erected and maintained on the instructions of the Pharaoh during Pharaoh’s lifetime. After Pharaoh’s death, the Mortuary Temple became the place to venerate the deceased Pharaoh and ensure that their name was remembered for, “Millions of Years”.

The Cult of the Pharaoh would be established here before the death of the Pharaoh and usually all the Priests would be picked by Pharaoh directly.

The Priests dedicated to the Cult would be responsible for the well being of the Pharaoh’s Soul which was represented within the Temple by his Ka Statue or a Statue which represented his Soul.

This would include the waking, bathing, dressing, feeding, praying for and singing to the Statue which represented Pharaoh’s Soul during the day, and the putting to bed of the “Pharaoh” at night.

All this was completed to appease and venerate Pharaoh’s Soul and asking for Pharaoh to intervene on behalf of Egypt with the Deities.

The Mortuary Temple would only form a part of Pharaoh’s Mortuary Complex.

MT of Pharaoh Amenhotep III

Click on the Image to visit the Mortuary Temple.

MT of Pharaoh Merenptah

Click on the Image to visit the Mortuary Temple.

The Ramesseum, Mortuary Temple of Pharaoh Ramses II

Click on the Image to visit the Mortuary Temple

MT of Pharaoh Amenhotep II

Pharaoh Amenhotep II, “Amun is Satisfied”, reigned during the 18th Dynasty
after his predecessor and father, Pharaoh Thutmoses III died. He reigned for approx. 26 years and built his Mortuary Temple where part of the
Ramesseum, the Mortuary Temple of Pharaoh Ramses II, was later built on
the same site.
Unfortunately, little to nothing remains of the Temple apart from some
mudbrick Walls.

Remains of Mortuary Temple of Pharaoh Seti I

New Kingdom Pharaoh Seti I constructed himself not 1 but 2 Mortuary Temples. The First is in Abydos – click here to learn about this Temples and its King’s List presented there; the Second is on the Theban Necropolis. Due to Pharaoh’s short reign, it may have been that his son, Pharaoh Ramses II, completed this Mortuary Temple on his father’s behalf. Most of this Theban Mortuary Temple is now under the modern town of Qurna and the remains are ruins.

Remains of the Mortuary Temple of Pharaoh Thutmose IV

18th Dynasty Pharaoh Thutmoses IV may have suffered from epilepsy which would explain the dream he had in front of the Sphinx, click here to read that story.

His Mortuary Temple is near the Ramesseum. It had 2 Pylons with their adjacent Courts, a Hypostyle Court and the Inner Sanctum with its storage annexes. The layout was copied by his son at his own Mortuary Temple. To learn more about this, click here.

Remains of Pharaoh & Queen Tausret's Mortuary Temple

The Final Pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty, Queen Tausret ruled Egypt as Pharaoh Tausret officially for 1 to 2 years, but enveloped her predecessors reign, that of Pharaoh Siptah, insisting that she had ruled for 7 years.

Deir el Bahri

Click on the Image to visit the Mortuary Temples at Deir el Bahri:

  • Pharaoh Hatshepsut’s Mortuary Temple, the “Sublime of the Sublimes”
  • Mortuary Temple of Mentuhotep II
  • Mortuary Temple of Tuthmose III

Medinet Habu

Click on the Image to visit the Home of the Mortuary Temples of Pharaoh Ramses III, Pharaoh Ay & Pharaoh Horemheb


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