Pharaoh Ahmose IThe Pharaohs - The People
Pharaoh Ahmose I was the son of Pharaoh Seqenenre Tao II, known as The Brave, and Queen Ahhotep I. he was born to the Theban Court in southern Egypt when it was at odds with the northern Egypt ruling Hyksos at Avaris. To learn more about their conflict, click here.
His father and elder brother both died during this conflict, his brother Pharaoh Kamose surviving only 3 years into his reign before dying in battle. As Crown Prince, Ahmose was married to his sister Ahmose-Nefertari, and she became his Great Royal Wife. Together they inherited the Crown making him Pharaoh Ahmose I and her Queen Ahmose-Nefertari. Whilst Pharaoh was winning the war which had consumed his father and his brother, his mother, Queen Ahhotep, his grandmother, Queen Tetisheri, and his wife and sister, Queen Ahmose-Nefertari strengthened the new Pharaoh’s early reign in the roles of Regents at the Theban Court, ensuring that it was kept in check.
Pharaoh Ahmose I defeated and swiftly banished the Hyksos, taking the country out of the Second Intermediate Period in roughly his 10th Regnal Year. He destroyed their Capital City at Avaris allowing his loyal officers and soldiers from his Army to be rewarded with their spoils and any of the defeated followers as slaves which allowed the rise of an influential and powerful Military Class in society.
He modelled his enlarged Government, as now Egypt was once again unified, on the successful bureaucracy of the Middle Kingdom and employed people depending on their knowledge, training, and experience rather than allowing the inheritance of important governmental positions. Many of these new incumbents had been trained specifically for these roles in the newly popular Temple Schools.
On the back of Pharaoh’s military success against the Hyksos, he used his army to advance into Nubia to the south as well as into Canaan in the north. His campaigning left him, and Egypt, gold rich as he seized Nubia’s Gold Mines. On returning back to Thebes he reopened old Trading Routes, restored forgotten Temples, reopened Sinai’s Copper Mines, and built Chapels for his family at the traditional burial site of Abydos. To visit Abydos, click here.
His son inherited his Throne and became Pharaoh Amenhotep I, and with Egypt’s strengthened government and newly found and continuing wealth, he was able to look to expanding Egypt’s territories even further.