Theban High Priests during the 3rd Intermediate Period3rd Intermediate - Egypt Through Time - What is Ancient Egypt?
The last Pharaoh of the 20th Dynasty of the New Kingdom Period was Pharaoh Ramses XI. He was the last to rule a united Egypt for the next 5 Dynasties of Pharaohs, although it can be postured that by the end of his reign, he was not really ruling anything. The Priesthood of Amun owned and were running most of the Middle and Upper sections of Egypt, ruled by High Priest of Amun, Herihor. Whilst Pharaoh moved the political capital of Egypt back north, to the city of Tanis, where his supposed heirs held their own Court. Pharaoh died and was buried by his successor, Pharaoh Nesbanebdjed I, who began Egypt’s 21st Dynasty ruling Lower Egypt from the new Capital City of Tanis.
The following Rulers were the de facto Pharaohs of southern or Upper Egypt
They wrote their names in Cartouches and were buried in the highest status Royal Tombs
NB: Please note that all dates are subject to the veil of time so should be used as an accurate guide, but these are not set in stone, as dates can be changed by artefacts that are discovered which disprove the current calendar.
Rulers from the Capital City of Thebes during the 21st Dynasty of Egypt
- Herihor, ruled from 1080 – 1074 BC
- Piankh, ruled from 1074 – 1070 BC
- Pinedjem I, ruled from 1070 – 1032 BC. The son of Piankh and the father of 21st Dynasty Pharaoh Psusennes I in Lower Egypt
- Masaharta, ruled from 1054 – 1046 BC, the son of High Priest Pinedjem I
- Djedkhonsuefankh, ruled from 1046 – 1045 BC, another son of High Priest Pinedjem I
- Menkheperre, ruled from 1045 – 992 BC, yet another son of High Priest Pinedjem I
- Nesbanebdjed II, ruled from 992 – 990 BC, son of Menkheperre
- Pinedjem II, ruled from 990 – 976 BC, another son of Menkheperre and father of the next ruler, Psusennes II
- Psusennes II, also known as Pasebakhaennuit III, ruled from 976 – 943 BC. He was the last High Priest of Amun who modelled himself as a Pharaoh.
Rulers from the Capital City of Thebes during the 22nd Dynasty of Egypt
The High Priest of Amun in the Capital City of Thebes in Upper Egypt during the 22nd Dynasty of Egypt were usually related to the “Royal Family” of Pharaohs who were ruling Lower Egypt from the Capital City of Tanis.
- High Priest Iuput, appointed from 944 to 924 BC, son of Pharaoh Shoshenq I
- High Priest Shoshenq II, dates not certain, son of Pharaoh Osorkon I
- High Priest Iuwlot, dates not certain, another son of Pharaoh Osorkon I
- High Priest Nesibanebdjedet III, dates not certain, another son of Pharaoh Osorkon I
- High Priest Harsiese B, appointed from 874 to 860 BC, son of Pharaoh Shoshenq II
- High Priest Nimlot C, also known as Nimlot III, appointed from 855 to 845 BC, son of Pharaoh Osorkon II
- High Priest Takelot F, also known as Takelot II, appointed from 845 to 840 BC, son of previous High Priest Nimlot C also known as Nimlot III. He subsequently rose to be the Pharaoh of Lower Egypt, Pharaoh Takelot II
- High Priest Osorkon B, also known as Osorkon III, appointed from 840 to 785 BC, eldest son of now Pharaoh Takelot II. He subsequently rose to be the Pharaoh of Lower Egypt, Pharaoh Osorkon III
- High Priest Osorkon F, dates not certain, probably a son of Rudamun and a grandson of Pharaoh Osorkon III
- High Priest Harsiese, appointed from 835 to 800 BC