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The Great Temple of Pharaoh Seti I

Abydos - Capital Cities

 

What: Mortuary Temple to Pharaoh Seti I. Included inside are 7 Chapels built within the Temple for the worship of Seti I and the principal deities; Ptah, Re-Horakhty, Amun-Re, Osiris, Isis and Horus. At the rear is the Osirian, a memorial for Pharaoh Seti I and the God Osiris

When: 1290–1279 BC

Why: Serves as a memorial to Pharaoh Seti I and honours his father’s Temple, Ramses I

Who: Built for Pharaoh Seti I

Person Of Interest: Dorothy Louise Eady : Omm Sety : keeper of the Temple of Seti I in Abydos

Notes: Contains the Abydos King List, the Helicopter hieroglyphs

The Abydos King List

What: Lists the 76 names of Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt

Where: Wall of the Temple of Seti I at Abydos

Why: Sole source to date of the Pharaohs of 7th and 8th Dynasties, but it leaves off Pharaohs that the carvers considered “illegitimate” i.e.

   – the Hyksos,
   – Hatshepsut,
   – Akhenaten,
   – Smenkhkare,
   – Tutankhamen and Ay

The Helicopter Hieroglyphs

What: It is the result of carved stone being re-used

 

Where: Temple of Seti I, Abydos

Why: 1st Carving : Seti I : “He who repulses the nine enemies of Egypt”

 

        Later filled with plaster

2nd Carving :
Ramesses II : “He who protects Egypt and overthrows the foreign countries”

Now:
Plaster has eroded and shows both carvings partially visible and overlapping

The Osirion

What: Temple to the God Osiris and fundamental part of the funeral complex

When: 1294–1279 BC : Discovered : 1902/03

Who: Excavated by Flinders Petrie and Margaret Murray