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The Pharaohs

Tanis - Capital Cities

What we know about the Pharaohs of

the Third Intermediate Period

Pharaoh Nesbanebdjed I, “He of the Ram, Lord of Mendes”

Parents: Lady Hrere, Chief of Harem of Mun-Re and a High priest of Amun 
Born: Unknown
Predecessor: Pharaoh Ramses XI 
Throne Name: Hedjkheperre Setepenre Smendes
Spouse: Tentamun B, daughter of Pharaoh Ramses IX
Children: Pharaoh Amenemnisu
Known as: Pharaoh Smendes in Greek;
Reign: 1077/1076–1052 BC
Died: 1052BC; Buried: Unknown

Notes: Ruled over Lower Egypt as Middle and Upper Egypt were under the rule of the High Priests of Amun in Thebes. Although information does survive to show that Pharaoh Nesbanebdjed I did order that Luxor Temple was saved from flooding during his reign. So he did have at least some influence over the other realms in hid domain

Pharaoh Amenemnisu

Parents: Pharaoh Nesbanebdjed I and Princess Tentamun B, daughter of Pharaoh Ramses IX
Born: Unknown
Spouse: Unknown
Children: Unknown
Throne Name: Neferkare Heqawaset
Reign: 1051-1047 BC
Died: 1047BC; Buried: NRT3, Tanis

Pharaoh Psusennes I, The Star appearing in the City

Parents: High Priest of Amun, Thebes, Pinediem I and Henuttawy
Born: Unknown
Spouses: Mutnodjmet, his sister, and Wiay
Children: Amenemope, Ankhefenmut, Isitemkheb
Throne Name: Akheperre Setepenamun – Great are the Manifestations of Ra, chosen of Amun
Reign: thought to be 1047-1001BC    3rd Pharaoh of the 21st Dynasty; as he ruled during a period of unrest in Egypt i.e. the Third Intermediate Period, the Reign Dates cannot be 100% confirmed so Pharaoh could have ruled up to 51 years
Died: 1001BC as an old man as evidenced by his Mummy having suffered with badly worn and cavitied teeth, arthritis that may well have partially crippled him; he is thought to have been approx. 85-90 years olds
Buried: NRT3, Tanis with a Solid Gold Death Mask, a Solid Silver Inner Coffin (which was rarer in Egypt than Gold) and reused Middle Pink Granite Sarcophagi and Outer Granite Sarcophagi from Pharaoh Merenptah, Ramses II’s successor, which was robbed from the Valley of the Kings
Monuments: Enclosure Walls with re-used blocks from Pi-Ramses and the central part of the Great Temple of Amun, Tanis
Now known as: The Silver Pharaoh

Pharaoh Amenemope

Parents: Pharaoh Psusennes I and Great Royal Wife, Mutnodjmet
Born: Unknown
Spouses: Unknown
Children: Unknown
Throne Name: Usermaatre Setepenamun
Reign: 1001-992 BC
Died: 992BC, seemingly of a head injury that may have led to Meningitis
Buried: NRT4, Tanis; Reburied: NRT3, Tanis

Pharaoh Osorkon the Elder

Notes: The first Pharaoh of Meshwesh or of Libyan origin
Parents: Shoshenq A, Great Chief of the Ma Peoples, and his Great Wife, Mehtenweshkhet A
Other Family: He was brother to Nimlot A, Great Chief of the Ma Peoples (after their father’s death) and was Uncle to Pharaoh Shoshenq I, the Founder of the 22nd Dynasty
Born: Unknown
Spouse: Unknown; Children: Karimala
Throne Name: Akheperre Setepenre, Osorkon Meryamun
Reign: 992-986 BC
Died: 986BC; Buried: NRT3, Tanis

Pharaoh Siamun, “Divine is the Manifestation of Ra, Chosen of Amun”

Parents: Unknown but he was of Egyptian origin, rather than being a Libyan successor of Pharaoh Osorkon the Elder; Born: Unknown
Spouse: Unknown; Children: Unknown
Throne Name: Netjerkheperre Setepenamun
Reign: 986-967 BC
Died: 967BC; Buried: In a Tomb that has never been located and may have been washed away by the Nile; Reburied: NRT3, Tanis
Monuments: Thought to have doubled the size of the Temple of Amun at Tanis. Erected buildings in Heliopolis and Piramesse, and a new Temple to Amun at Memphis
Notes: The High Priest of Amun at Thebes during his reign was High Priest Pinedjem II who, during Year 1 to Year 10 of Pharaoh Siamun’s reign, organised the removing and reburying of the Deir El-Bahari Mummy Cache due to the looting of the New Kingdom Mummies in the Valley of the Kings

Pharaoh Psusennes II

Parents: High Priest of Amun in Thebes, Pinedjem II (Ruler of Upper Egypt) and Isitemkheb; Born: Unknown
Spouse: Unknown; Children: Maatkare B
Throne Name: Titkheperure Setepenre;
Reign: 967-943 BC
Died: 943BC; Buried: NRT3, Tanis

Pharaoh Shoshenq I

Notes: Founder of the 22nd Dynasty: He had been Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Chief Advisor to Pharaoh Psusennes II
Parents: Mother, Tentsepeh A and Father, Nimlot A, the brother of Pharaoh Osorkon the Elder; Born: Unknown; Spouse: Karomama A;
Children: Pharaoh Osorkon I
Throne Name: Hedjkheperre-Setepenre;
Reign: 943–922 BC
Died: 922BC; Buried: NRT3, Tanis

Pharaoh Osorkon I

Parents: Great Royal Wife Karomama A and Pharaoh Shoshenq I; Born: Unknown
Spouse: Chief Royal Wife Princess Maatkare B, Pharaoh Psusennes II’s daughter: & Tashedkhonsu
Children: Pharaoh Shoshenq II with Tashedkhonsu and Pharaoh Takelot I with Maatkare B; Throne Name: Sekhemkheperre-Setepenre; Reign: 922–887 BC; Died: 887BC; Buried: NRT3, Tanis; Monuments: Temple Building Projects

Pharaoh Shoshenq II

Parents: Tashedkhons and Pharaoh Osorkon I; Born: Unknown; Spouse: Nesitaudjatakhet; Children: Prince Osorkon D
Throne Name: Heqakheperre-Setepenre;
Reign: 887–885 BC
Died: 885BC due to Sepsis from a Head Wound; Buried: Unknown; Reburied: NRT3, Tanis

Pharaoh Takelot I

Parents: Pharaoh Osorkon I; Born: Unknown
Spouse: Kapes; Children: Osorkon II
Throne Name: Hedjkheperre-Setepenre;
Reign: 885–872 BC; Died: 872BC;
Buried: NRT1, Tanis with his Father, Pharaoh Osorkon I. He was buried in his own quartzite Sarcophagus with Shabtis for his Afterlife use and Alabaster Jars

Pharaoh Osorkon II

Parents: Pharaoh Osorkon I and Great Royal Wife Kapes; Born: Unknown; Spouse: Karomama I; Isetemkheb; Djedmutesakh IV and Mutemhat
Children: Nimlot C, a son of Djedmutesakh IV, he became High Priest of Amun and was the Father to Pharaoh Takelot II; Princess Tjesbastperu, daughter of Isetemkheb who married Takelot B, a High Priest of Ptah; Prince Shoshenq D High Priest of Ptah; Prince Hornakht High Priest of Amun in Tanis; Princess Tashakheper, God’s wife of Amun; Princess Karomama C, God’s wife of Amun; and Princess Taiirmer
Throne Name: Usermaatre-Setepenamun; Reign: 872–837 BC; Died: 837BC; Buried: NRT1, Tanis but the Tomb has been robbed. He was buried with his grandson, Pharaoh Takelot II who had his own quartzite Sarcophagus with Shabtis for his Afterlife use and Alabaster Jars

Pharaoh Shoshenq III

Parents: Unknown; Born: Unknown; Spouse: Djedbastesankh, daughter of Takelot, a High Priest of Ptah at Memphis; Children: Ankhesen-Shoshenq, Bakennefi A, Pashedbast B, Pimay, Takelot C; Throne Name: Usermaatre-Setepenre; Reign: 837–798 BC; Died: 798BC; Buried: NRT3, Tanis

Pharaoh Shoshenq IV

Parents: Unknown; Born: Unknown;
Spouse: Unknown; Children: Unknown;
Throne Name: Hedjkheperre-Setepenre;
Reign: 798–785 BC; Died: 785BC; Buried: NRT5

Pharaoh Pami

Parents: Unknown; Born: Unknown;
Spouse: Unknown; Children: Pharaoh Shoshenq V; Throne Name: Usermaatre-Setepenamun;
Reign: 785–778 BC; Died: 778BC; Notes: Buried 2 Apis Bulls

Pharaoh Shoshenq V

Parents: Pharaoh Pami; Born: Unknown;
Spouse: Tadibast III;
Children: Pharaoh Osorkon IV; 
Throne Name: Akheperre; Reign: 778–740 BC; Died: 740BC

?Pharaoh Pedubast II?

Parents: Unknown; Born: Unknown;
Spouse: Unknown; Children: Unknown; 
Throne Name: Sehetepibenre; Reign: 740-730 BC; Died: Unknown; Notes: He is not mentioned in the Pharaoh lists. His reign order is disputed

Pharaoh Osorkon IV

Parents: Tadibast III and Pharaoh Shoshenq V; Born: Unknown; Spouse: Unknown;
Children: Unknown; 
Throne Name: Usermaatre; Reign: 730-716 BC; Died: 716BC


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