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Djedet Temple

Temples - The Buildings - Builders & Buildings

Djedet became the Capital City of Egypt in the 29th Dynasty. It was known as, “The Domain of the Ram Lord of Djedet”.

Here the Mendesium Triad was celebrated. the Chief Deity was Banebdjedet: “Ba of the Lord of Djedet” or the “Ba of Osiris” for Lower Egypt. His equivalent in Upper Egypt was God Khnum. Represented as a Ram Headed God as the ancient Egyptian word for Soul and Ram sounded the same. His Consort was the Goddess Hatmehit, the Fish Goddess; and their offspring was Harpakhered, Horus the child.

Tell el-Ruba is the site of the main Temple enclosure to the Triad. It appears to have been primarily constructed in the Middle Kingdom and then continued on into the New Kingdom Period. 

The Temple is thought to have 4 Pylons and 4 shrines contained within it to represent the 4 Gods who came together in Banebdjedet by him representing their souls, namely the God Osiris, the God Geb, the God Shu and the God Ra.

A Cemetery of Sacred Rams for the Temple’s namesake Ram Deity, Banebdjedet, similar to the Crocodile Cemetery at Kom Ombo Temple for their namesake Deity, Sobek, is located in the North West Corner.

Monuments were placed here by Pharaoh Ramses II, Pharaoh Merenptah and Pharaoh Ramses III. 

Another Temple appears to have been erected by Pharaoh Amasis II during the 26th Dynasty. 

The Tomb of Pharaoh Nepherites I seems to have been located here and was discovered in the 1992/1993 digging season. It was identified by the Shabti located inside the tomb as the Persians had destroyed all other significant remains with only votive food offerings seeming to remain.