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Hut-ka-ptah, Great Temple of Ptah

Memphis - Capital Cities

What: Home of the Soul of the God Ptah. The largest and principal Temple in Memphis throughout its time as a capital and afterwards. Considered as 1 of the 3 most significantly religious places in Ancient Egypt along with the Temple of Amun in Thebes and the Temple of Ra in Heliopolis

Where: City Centre of Ancient Memphis

Who: The Cult Centre for the God Ptah, along with his consort, the Goddess Sekhmet, and their son, the God Nefertem

Large Temple within a walled compound with grand Pylons or Gates for entrances inside the Temple of the East, South and West Walls of the area. The southern enclosure wall is now to be found marked by the Great Statue of Pharaoh Ramses II within the open-air museum which can now be investigated. The Statue was one of a pair that is thought to have marked the main entrance to the Temple, similar to the Temple of Luxor, Luxor. The Western entrance to the Temple was marked with the Hall built by Pharaoh Ramses II and was known to include a Pylon and a Hypostyle Hall with 16 Papyrus decorated columns.


Items of note include:

  • the Sphinx from Dynasty 18, thought to have been carved, in Alabaster, for Pharaoh Amenhotep II or Pharaoh Thutmose IV
  • Statues
  • Columns
  • Other Sphinx
  • Reliefs

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