Pharaoh Tuthmose I Pharaoh Tuthmose IIThe Pharaohs - The People
Pharaoh Tuthmose I
He reigned from approximately 1493 to 1482 BC but was not due to have succeeded to the Throne but was rather nominated to the Throne by his predecessor, Pharaoh Amenhotep I, who died without an heir. Tuthmose had been a successful general for the former Pharaoh and Pharaoh Amenhotep I recognised his and promoted his qualities.
On his accession to the Throne the Nubians to the south of Egypt sought this time of instability to invade Egypt, Pharaoh Tuthmose I quickly routed their insurrection and killed their King, it was said that this ended their full independence for up to 500 years. He later returned in Regnal Year 3 and set up trade deals with the Nubians under better conditions by dredging their Nile water fed Canals to allow access for deeper bottomed boats.
He increased Egypt’s lands to the north, allegedly further than any Pharaoh had previously done, into the Levant and Syria across the Euphrates River where he erected a Victory Stela. He celebrated with an elephant hunt and once back in Egypt he regaled the Court with tales of the river which ran backwards, the Euphrates was the first great river that they had encountered which flowed from North towards the South, the Nile flowing in the other direction.
It is thought that he married his predecessor’s sister, Princess Ahmose, but this is far from certain. What is known is that he was succeeded by his own son, future Pharaoh Tuthmose II, who he married to his own daughter, Princess Hatshepsut.
At home he erected monuments in Khnum; the 4th Pylon, Hypostyle Hall, Statues, 5th Pylon, Obelisks and Enclosure Walls at Karnak Temple; Statues of the Ennead at Abydos; Buildings at Edfu, Hiba, Ombos, Armant, and Memphis. It is believed that he may have built his, now missing, Mortuary Temple, at Deir el Bahri where his son and daughter built their own Mortuary Temples.
He was laid to rest in his own Tomb in the Valley of the Kings, which is today identified as KV32, but was relocated to be re-laid to rest with his daughter, Pharaoh Hatshepsut, in Tomb KV20. Later Pharaoh Tuthmose III reinterred him in KV38 not wanting him to rest with Pharaoh Hatshepsut. This last tomb was plundered in antiquity and his mummy was eventually discovered in the Mummy Cache known as TT320 above Deir el Bahri.
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Pharaoh Tuthmose II
“Thoth is Born” was the son of Pharaoh Tuthmose I and a lesser wife, Queen Mutnofret. He married his sister Queen Hatshepsut and seemed to have been heavily influenced by her and she may have also co-ruled with him.
Military campaigns which were carried out in the Nubian territory of Kush, to the North, and some incursions by the Bedouin in the Sinai Region were carried out by the Army and his Generals rather than by Pharaoh Tuthmose II himself.
Like his father and wife, his Mummy was discovered in the Mummy Cache known as TT320 above Deir el Bahri, where it was discovered that he probably at best reached the age of 30.